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Говорите правильно по-английски - Поуви Дж.

Поуви Дж. Говорите правильно по-английски — М.: Высшая школа, 1984. — 152 c.
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Very/Quite/Fairly well, All right, thank you.

Not too/so bad,

Fine, thanks, (informal)

If the answer is unfavourable, uFm afraid" (=unfortunately) is used instead:

120 Not very !too Welly I'm afraid.

Гт afraid she's got flu.

Exercise. Give an appropriate response to the following questions and statements.

1. Would you like some chocolate? 2. Hallo. How are you? 3. Let me help you with your suitcase. 4. Have a nice weekend. 5. Do have some more cake. 6. How are the children? 7. Wait a minute. I'll open the door for you. 8. Would you like a rest now? 9. Happy New Year! 10. How is your brother now?

Tiring, Tiresome

In the sense of "making one tired" (утомительно) tiring is generally used nowadays.

eg 1. The journey was very tiring.

2. I find the work tiring.

3. — Let's have the meeting after the lecture.

— Oh, no! That will be too tiring.

Tiresome was formerly used in this sense but gradually changed its meaning to "annoying", "irritating", sometimes with an element of "dull", "boring", too.

eg 4. How tiresome! I've left my watch at home.

5. The children were very tiresome today.

6. I find all this paperwork extremely tiresome.

However, tiresome is now mainly confined to formal style. In conversation annoying or irritating is used instead.

Exercise. Fill in the blanks with tiring, tiresome, annoying or irritating, following modern usage. If you think that there is more than one possibility, give both and explain the difference.

1. —I enjoy my work but it's very ... . 2. — How ...! The heel has come off my shoe. 3.—The lift's broken at the moment, so we have to walk up to the ninth floor. — Thatmust be very... . 4. Won't you find it ... to do everything in one day? 5. I find the constant delays very ... . 6. Giving two lectures in one evening is too ... . 7. Paul can be very ... at times. Today he nearly drove me mad. 8. What a... day it has been! 9. Housework is very ..., especially cleaning floors. 10. I found the conversation ... . 11. Then they had to discuss the ... business of the house. 12. Travelling overnight without a sleeper will be too ... .

Too, Very

In negative sentences too may have the same meaning as very.

121 eg 1. — How are you?

— Not too bad, thanks or: I'm not feeling too well. 2. He's not too keen on opera.

In affirmative sentences, however, too means "more than necessary or desirable".

eg 5. I can't do it now. I'm too busy.

4. He spoke too fast. I couldn't understand half of what he said.

It therefore follows that too is not used with adjectives or adverbs which usually denote something desirable (for example, beautiful, interesting, politely, fluently), unless modified.

eg 5. She is very beautiful.

for the part of one of the

6. She is too beautiful ugly sisters.

to play the part of ... . She should play Cinderella.

7. He speaks English very fluently.

Cf. He spoke too fast.

When used with words denoting something undesirable, too generally implies that some limit has been exceeded. Compare the following pairs of sentences:

8a. He's very ill. b. He's too ill. 9a. The train was very crowded, b. The train was too crowded.

Sentences b have meaning only within a certain context, because they imply that something has become impossible. He is too ill can be used only in the context of some suggested action.

,IUl 1.

eg 8c. He's too ill to go out.

d. You can't see him. He's too I


The train was too crowded implies that the person(s) concerned did not get onto the train. If he did get on in spite of the fact that it was crowded, too is illogical. Here only very is possible:

9c. The train was too crowded so we had to wait for the next.

d. The train was very crowded and we had to stand all the way.

122 Similarly, only very can be used in such general statements as:

10. The trains are very crowded at this time of day.

Exercise. Fill in the blanks with too or very.

1. Your translation was ... careless. 2. We can't give him a very good mark. His translation was ... careless. 3. The manager is ... busy but he'll try to see you. 4. This wine is ... good. 5. This wine is ... good for cooking. 6. —How are you? — Not ... bad, thank you. 7. It's ... cold today. 8. It was ... cold to bathe yesterday. 9. He's ... intelligent for that job. 10. She can type ... fast. 11. I was ... tired so I went to bed early. 12. Coffeehas become ... expensive.

Town, City

Town is the more general word and the more widely used. It can be applied to any centre of population larger than a village, sometimes including those which have the status of city. Here are some examples of usage:

1. She was born in a small !large town in the north of England.

2. Which is the most important town in the area?

3. We visited many English towns.

Town is often contrasted with country.

eg 4. Would you rather live in a town or in the country?

5. When he retired they moved out (of the town) into the country.
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